Construction hoist standard for transporting ... » BSI, the business standards company has revised BS 7212:2016 Code of practice for the safe use of co... FireMon delivers record 2015 Revenue...adds secu... » London, UK: FireMon CEO Jim Lewandowski has announced the security management firm achieved record g... PALFINGER achieves new record levels of revenue » - Revenue grew by 9.1 per cent to EUR 318.8 million - EBIT showed extraordinarily strong increase o... Industry leader covers nearly 700 compliance pol... » London, UK: Tripwire, Inc. has announced that Tripwire® Enterprise coverage for security policy and ... Varonis to stifle ransomware with new threat model... » London, UK: Varonis Systems, Inc. has announced the beta availability of more than 20 new threat mod... Reaction and resiliency inspire Synergy 3 latest r... » Global surveillance business Synectics has begun an international roll-out of the latest release of ... High-Tech Bridge launches malicious domain discove... » The free online service will enable anyone to instantly detect typosquatted, cybersquatted or phishi... TIM Implements Qognify's Innovative Solution in St... » The partnership combines security cameras with Qognify's security and operations solution to ensure ... Digital Forensics and Incident Response Prepared... » Five key steps to undertake in the event of a cyber security breach In this article, Chris Cassell,... RiskIQ named one of the Fast 50 hottest private... » London, UK: RiskIQ has been named one of the “Fast 50” hottest privately held networking and securit...

CLICK HERE TO

Advertise with Vigilance

Got News?

Got news for Vigilance?

Have you got news/articles for us? We welcome news stories and articles from security experts, intelligence analysts, industry players, security correspondents in the main stream media and our numerous readers across the globe.

READ MORE

Subscribe to Vigilance Weekly

Information Security Header

London: Commenting on Kim Dotcom’s offer of a 10,000 euro bounty on the first person to crack his new Mega file storage and sharing service, Venafi says the bounty is likely to be collected, as the encryption keys are stored along with the users’ files on the system.

According to Calum MacLeod, EMEA Director with the Enterprise Key and Certificate Management (EKCM) experts, this means that anyone gaining access to a user’s ID and password will gain access to their encryption key as well, dramatically increasing the compromise likelihood.

“This bizarre, and quite frankly, less secure approach to encryption seems to be in place solely to protect Mr Dotcom from prosecution, on the basis that he and his staff cannot have any knowledge of the data that is being stored on their cloud computing servers,” he said.

“While this is perhaps understandable given the fact that Mr Dotcom was arrested in New Zealand 12 months ago in connection with copyright infringement surrounding his original MegaUpload file storage and sharing service, the lack of security surrounding the encryption keys leaves the system vulnerable,” he added. The encryption keys are the figurative keys to the kingdom, and the attackers can wreak havoc with unfettered access to data and systems with the keys in hand.

The Venafi EMEA Director went on to say that Mr Dotcom’s offer of a bounty to successful crackers of his new system is good publicity, but a more practical governance approach would have been to stage a private launch of Mega, inviting cryptographers to use - and abuse - the system, and then offer up their recommendations in return for a lifetime paid-for subscription.

The problem with Mega, MacLeod explained, is that the user’s password has the double burden of supporting account authentication - without disclosing that password to Mega’s servers – as well as outer level data encryption.

The outer level key, he says, is derived from the user’s password using a key derivation approach, generating a master key for symmetric AES encryption – all data from that point on is encrypted to the master key or its subsets.

When the user logs into the Mega service, he adds, their email address and user hash data is used to authenticate them, with Mega’s servers returning the user’s master key, as well as a session identifier.

This approach, says MacLeod, is a weak security system as obtaining the master key is based on a simple token system that can be replayed, rather than the more usual secure challenge/response technology seen on commercial services.

“This weakness could be exploited through the use of a timing vulnerability when the server compares the user’s hash data, allowing a hacker to progressively learn how to access the system using multiple attempts. We fully expect this methodology to be exploited by would-be crackers wanting to collect the 10,000 euro bounty,” he said.

In the end, it’s critical that the encryption keys that secure the data and authenticate systems and applications are properly controlled and managed. The admins who create and issue the keys should not be the same as the admins and app owners who use the same keys to encrypt, decrypt and access the data